CAUSES OF AGING: SKIN AGING
Facial skin tends to age faster than other parts of
the body, as it is the most delicate, and most frequently
exposed to sunlight. However, all skin ages based on
a number of intrinsic and extrinsic factors.
Intrinsic Aging of Skin
Intrinsic genetic factors determine how quickly the
normal aging process evolves. Intrinsic aging of the
skin results from:
- Slowing collagen production
- Reduction in elastin production
- Slowing of the production of new skin cells and
the shedding of old dead skin.
processes commence at 20, but their impact is not
visible until approximately 20 years later. Typical
signs of aging are first noticed in the skin and hair,
- Thinning of the skin, making blood vessels more
- Fine wrinkles
- Hollowed cheeks and eyes sockets from loss of underlying
- Loss of firmness and elasticity of skin on the
hands and neck
- Dry skin and itching skin
Hair loss – varies greatly in the population,
with significant hair loss as early as the 20’s
Greying of the hair – this can be noticeable
as young as 30
- Unwanted facial hair in women
Other visible indicators include:
- Thinning of the fingernail plates, with the appearance
of ridges and loss of half moons.
- Bones shrink away from the skin due to bone
loss, which causes sagging skin
- Inability to sweat sufficiently to cool the skin
Extrinsic Aging of the Skin
Little can be done to alter ones genetic predisposition
to the rate of aging. Extrinsic factors, however are
mostly under our control.
Extrinsic factors include:
All of these factors, other than gravity are controllable.
One of the most aging elements to the skin is UV
exposure. This results in what is called photo-aging.
occurs over a number of years as exposure causes the
skin loses the ability to repair itself. Repeated
ultraviolet (UV) exposure breaks down collagen and
impairs the synthesis of new collagen and elastin. The
impact of the damage compounds, with just 15.