Agility is the ability to change body position or direction
of the body rapidly. Agility tests require the subject
to run around a circuit of objects; turning, stopping
and starting. Agility is influenced by balance, coordination,
position of center of gravity, running speed and skill.
Agility demands for sports are very specific to each
sport, in terms of the speed and direction of turning.
It also includes extra factors suck as controlling a
ball or holding a racket or stick.
The best agility tests are simple ones, where the results
cannot be confused or lost in the complexity of the
test. Design the agility test for each factor your are
testing; for instance, turning at 60 degrees, 90 degrees
turning at 180 degrees. Being good at one doesn't necessarily
mean you will be good at turning at the others. It is
also possible that turning in one direction, e.g. turning
left, will vary from agility in turning right.
Break down the agility movements you want to measure
into individual factors and measure each individually,
such as turning left versus turning right, and turning
at different angles.
A simple agility test is the zigzag test.
- A standard zig zag course is with four cones placed
on the corners of a rectangle 10 by 16 feet, with
one more cone placed in the centre.
- If the cones are labelled 1 to 4 around the rectangle
going along the longer side first, and the centre
cone is C, the test begins at 1, then to C, 2, 3,
C, 4, then back to 1.
- The total distance run should not be too great
so that fatigue does not become a factor.
- The athlete to run a course in the shortest possible
This test may be modified by changing:
- the angles between the cones
- the distance between cones
- the circuit direction
- the number of circuits performed
Other Agility Tests
More Body Measures and Fitness Tests